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Ostap Vyshnia

Good afternoon, dear readers! Today we are going to talk about the biography of Ostap Vyshnia, a famous humorist writer. Ostap Vyshnia (real name: Pavlo Mykhailovych Hubenko) was born on November 13, 1889, in Poltava region. He was a master of the word who created a new genre of Ukrainian literature – the smile. His works are characterized by sharp humor, satirical debunking of human and social flaws, and love for his native land. Among his most famous projects are the collections My Autobiography, Catfish, The Great Road, and others. If you want to learn more about this extraordinary personality, we invite you to read our article.

Childhood and education

Ostap Vyshnia was one of seventeen children in the family of a retired soldier. His childhood was spent in poverty and hardship. He graduated from a two-grade school in Zinkiv and then entered the Kyiv Military Medical School. He worked as a paramedic on the railroad, in the army, and in a hospital. In 1917, he began his studies at the Faculty of History and Philology at Kyiv University, but did not graduate because of the revolutionary events. Since then, he has devoted himself to journalism and literature.


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Ostap Vyshnia’s career was associated with various publications, organizations, events, and people. He wrote feuilletons, essays, pamphlets, memoirs, and translations. He was an active participant in the Ukrainian revival, a co-founder of VAPLYTE and the Political Front. He became a popular and influential writer with a large audience and circulation. His main weapon was humor, which he skillfully used for criticism and self-criticism, for defense and attack, for entertainment and education. He created a new genre, the smile, which was short, precise, witty, and kind. He also wrote stories that reflected his love of his native nature, people, and language. He was a master of style, who had a rich vocabulary, graphic means, irony, parody, and hyperbole.


Ostap Vyshnia’s achievements were recognized by both readers and critics. He received numerous awards, honors, and recognitions. He was a laureate of the Taras Shevchenko State Prize of the Ukrainian SSR, an honorary member of the Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR, and an honored artist of the Ukrainian SSR. He was a leader of Ukrainian humorous literature who influenced many of his successors. He was a patriot of Ukraine who defended its interests and values. He was a genius of words who left an indelible mark on the history of culture.

When did Ostap Vyshnia die?

Ostap Vyshnia died on September 28, 1956, in Kyiv of a heart attack. He was buried at the Baikove cemetery. It was a great loss for Ukrainian literature and culture.

To summarize, Ostap Vyshnia was an outstanding personality who deserves respect and admiration. His work is a treasure of Ukrainian literature that does not lose its relevance and appeal. His humor is a source of optimism and inspiration for many generations. His life is an example of courage and dedication. We hope that our article was useful to you and that you will want to read or re-read the works of Ostap Vyshnia.